Exploiting two-user superimposed signals for wireless communication systems

Date

2021-01-04

Authors

Cui, Wen

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Abstract

Wireless communication systems are growing at an unprecedented pace, making the wireless spectrum at a premium, especially as billions of new Internet-of-Things (IoT) devices worldwide are demanding wireless connections. To accommodate the ever-growing spectrum demand, a promising solution is Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access (NOMA) that enables two users to communicate with the same spectrum resource at the same time, while decoding the two-user superimposed signal at the receiver. By doing this, the previously detrimental wireless interference caused by two concurrent transmitters becomes decodable at the receiver, potential for higher utilization of the wireless spectrum. Existing NOMA technologies, however, rely on strict power control to sequentially decode the two-user superimposed signal, which is infeasible for many IoT devices that are heterogeneous and often low-cost. In contrast, in this dissertation, we propose new NOMA schemes that are designed for wireless communication systems and can decode the two-user superimposed signals without power control. This dissertation makes four major contributions. First, it presents the first design to implement dynamic signal offsets tracking and reacting schemes to detect and decode two-user superimposed signals, robust against hardware imperfections and feasible for heterogeneous IoT devices. Second, by investigating the relationship between the channel condition and the bit-error-rate (BER) in decoding superimposed signals, we design a reliable NOMA scheme to combat dynamic channel conditions that are inevitable in many practical scenarios and may cause severe decoding errors. Third, considering the wireless communication systems in mobile scenarios, mobility is a vital feature of many applications but can cause severe signal variations and make the hardware offsets harder to predict, resulting in an unreliable decoding performance. To address this, we develop a diversity transmission and smart combining scheme to achieve high reliable decoding performance. Finally, we combine rotation coding to transmit and decode the superimposed signal to achieve both high spectrum efficiency and high reliability performance. To demonstrate our contributions, we derive the theoretical relationship of the BER under different practical settings, validate the performance with simulations, and conduct experiments using software-defined radio based platforms with static indoor, outdoor scenarios and mobile scenarios. The experimental results demonstrate that, compared with the state-of-the-art methods, our schemes can achieve higher reliability and spectrum efficiency in decoding the superimposed signal for wireless communication systems without power control.

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Keywords

Efficient Communications and Networking, Device-to-Device Communication, Wireless Communication, Spectrum Efficiency, Superimposed Signals

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