Sports drink consumption and diet of children involved in organized sport

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dc.contributor.author Tomlin, Dona L
dc.contributor.author Clarke, Shannon K
dc.contributor.author Day, Meghan
dc.contributor.author McKay, Heather A
dc.contributor.author Naylor, Patti-Jean
dc.date.accessioned 2015-03-27T19:45:54Z
dc.date.available 2015-03-27T19:45:54Z
dc.date.copyright 2013 en_US
dc.date.issued 2013-08-19
dc.identifier.citation Tomlin et al.: Sports drink consumption and diet of children involved in organized sport. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2013 10:38 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://www.jissn.com/content/10/1/38
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1550-2783-10-38
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1828/5934
dc.description BioMed Central en_US
dc.description.abstract Background: Organized sport provides one option for children to be physically active. However, there is a paucity of information about the relationship between children’s participation in organized sport and their diet, and specifically their sports drink consumption. Therefore, the relationship between sports participation in children and the consumption of sports drinks, sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and other components of diet was examined. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted using baseline data from the Action Schools! BC Dissemination study cohort (n = 1421; 9.90 (0.58) y; 736 girls, 685 boys). The differences between the dietary behaviours of children participating in organized sport (sport) versus those that did not participate (non-sport) was examined. A modified Physical Activity Questionnaire for Older Children (PAQ-C) was used to measure physical activity levels and participation in organized sport. A Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and 24-hour dietary recall were used to assess eating behaviour and macronutrient intake (including protein, fat, and carbohydrate as well as sugar, fibre and total calories). Fruit, vegetable and beverage quantities were hand-tallied from the dietary recall. Fruit, vegetable and beverage frequency was assessed using the FFQ. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to analyse differences between groups and a chi-square test of association was use to determine if participation in sport was significantly associated with the proportion of children consuming sports drinks and SSBs, and with gender. Results: Children involved in sport had a lower body mass index (BMI) and were more physically active than children in the non-sport group (p < 0.01). Only a small number (n = 20/1421) of children consumed sports drinks and no difference in consumption of sports drink between sport and non-sport participants (p > .05) was observed. However, children involved in organized sport consumed more total calories, fat, fibre, fruit, vegetables and non-flavoured milk (p < 0.01) than non-sport children. Conclusions: Children involved in organized sport were more physically active, consumed a healthier diet than non-participants and on average had lower BMI’s despite consuming more calories. As consumption of sports drinks among this age group was low, this may be an ideal time to begin educating children and their parents about the appropriate consumption of sports drinks and the perils of consuming too many SSBs, specifically. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship We are grateful for the support from CIHR and the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada for funding for this project (OCO 74248; PJN & HAM, CO-PIs) as well as the BC Ministry of Health. HAM was supported as a MSFHR (Senior) Scholar en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition en_US
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/ca/ *
dc.subject Organized sport en_US
dc.subject Children en_US
dc.subject Diet en_US
dc.subject Physical activity en_US
dc.subject Sugar-sweetened beverage en_US
dc.subject Sports drink en_US
dc.title Sports drink consumption and diet of children involved in organized sport en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.rights.temp Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.5 Canada *
dc.description.scholarlevel Faculty en_US
dc.description.reviewstatus Reviewed en_US

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