Nature and happiness in an individualist and a collectivist culture

dc.contributor.authorSvoray, Tal
dc.contributor.authorDorman, Michael
dc.contributor.authorAbu-Kaf, Sarah
dc.contributor.authorShahar, Golan
dc.contributor.authorGifford, Robert
dc.date.accessioned2023-01-05T23:22:49Z
dc.date.available2023-01-05T23:22:49Z
dc.date.copyright2022en_US
dc.date.issued2022
dc.description.abstractAccording to the attention restoration theory, exposure to nature (ETN) renews one’s capacity to focus attention, which decreases cognitive fatigue and therefore may increase positive emotions. Indeed, natural settings have been associated with high prevalence of happy facial expressions (HFE). However, how universal the association is, remains unclear. We explored the ETN-HFE association in Boston, US, representing a less collectivistic culture, and Yokohama, Japan, representing a more collectivistic one. Evidence from satellite images and social network data, using geoinformatics and statistical tools, revealed that individuals from both societies exhibited more happiness when they were photographed in more natural settings. These associations varied with temporal variations expressed through weekly and annual effects. In addition, we found that the presence of others was also associated with prevalence of HFE in natural settings at Yokohama and Boston but the relation was significantly stronger in Boston. Despite some relatively minor differences between the countries, these results support the universality of the association between ETN and HFE.en_US
dc.description.reviewstatusRevieweden_US
dc.description.scholarlevelFacultyen_US
dc.identifier.citationSvoray, T., Dorman, M., Abu-Kaf, S., Shahar, G., & Gifford, R. (2022). “Nature and happiness in an individualist and a collectivist culture.” Scientific Reports, 12(7701). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-11619-5en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-11619-5
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1828/14626
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherScientific Reportsen_US
dc.subjectEnvironmental social sciencesen_US
dc.subjectHuman behaviouren_US
dc.titleNature and happiness in an individualist and a collectivist cultureen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US

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