Remote Sensing of Ecosystem Structure—Part 2: Initial Findings of Ecosystem Functioning through Intra- and Inter-Annual Comparisons with Earth Observation Data

dc.contributor.authorPeters, Daniel L.
dc.contributor.authorNiemann, K. Olaf
dc.contributor.authorSkelly, Robert
dc.date.accessioned2021-08-18T18:34:34Z
dc.date.available2021-08-18T18:34:34Z
dc.date.copyright2021en_US
dc.date.issued2021
dc.description.abstractThis study examines the response of a cold-regions deltaic wetland ecosystem in northwestern Canada to two separate and differing seasonal wetting cycles. The goal of this paper was to examine the nature of reflected electromagnetic energy measured by earth observation (EO) satellites, and to assess whether seasonal wetland hydroperiod and episodic flooding events impact the information retrieved by the Sentinel-2 sensors. The year 2018 represents a year characterized by a large spring freshet and ice-jam flooding, while 2019 represents a year characterized more by summer open-water flooding. We applied the Modified Normalized Difference Wetness Index (MNDWI) to address the effects of the wetting cycles. The response of the vegetative cover was tracked using the fraction of the absorbed photosynthetically active radiation (fAPAR) and the Leaf Area Index (LAI). All three indices were viewed through the lens of cover classes as derived through a previously published study by the authors. The study provides a framework for designing longer-term studies where multiple intra- and inter-annual hydrological cycles can be accessed via EO data. Future studies will enable the examination of lag times inherent in the response to the various water sources applied to spectral response and incorporate this EO approach into a monitoring framework.en_US
dc.description.reviewstatusRevieweden_US
dc.description.scholarlevelFacultyen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was funded by Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC) and the Oil Sands Monitoring (OSM) Program. This work is contribution to the OSM Program but does not necessarily reflect the position of the Program.en_US
dc.identifier.citationPeters, D. L., Niemann, K. O., & Skelly, R. (2021). Remote Sensing of Ecosystem Structure–Part 2: Initial Findings of Ecosystem Functioning through Intra- and Inter-Annual Comparisons with Earth Observation Data. Remote Sensing, 13(16), 1-21. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13163219.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.3390/rs13163219
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1828/13279
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherRemote Sensingen_US
dc.subjectecosystem monitoringen_US
dc.subjectvegetation indicesen_US
dc.subjectdeltaic floodplainen_US
dc.subjectwetlandsen_US
dc.subjectSentinel-2en_US
dc.titleRemote Sensing of Ecosystem Structure—Part 2: Initial Findings of Ecosystem Functioning through Intra- and Inter-Annual Comparisons with Earth Observation Dataen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US

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