Irreversible k-threshold conversion processes on graphs




Wodlinger, Jane

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Given a graph G and an initial colouring of its vertices with two colours, say black and white, an irreversible k-threshold conversion process on G is an iterative process in which a white vertex becomes permanently coloured black at time t if at least k of its neighbours are coloured black at time t-1. A set S of vertices is an irreversible k-threshold conversion set (k-conversion set) of G if the initial colouring in which the vertices of S are black and the others are white results in the whole vertex set becoming black eventually. In the case where G is (k+1)-regular, it can be shown that the k-conversion sets coincide with the so-called feedback vertex sets, or decycling sets. In this dissertation we study the size and structure of minimum k-conversion sets in several classes of graphs. We examine conditions that lead to equality and inequality in existing bounds on the minimum size of a k-conversion set of G, for k- and (k+1)-regular graphs G. Furthermore, we derive new sharp lower bounds on this number for regular graphs of degree ranging from k+1 to 2k-1 and for graphs of maximum degree k+1. We determine exact values of the minimum size of a k-conversion set for certain classes of trees. We show that every (k+1)-regular graph has a minimum k-conversion set that avoids certain structures in its induced subgraph. These results lead to new proofs of several known results on colourings and forest partitions of (k+1)-regular graphs and graphs of maximum degree k+1.



graph theory, conversion process, irreversible conversion process, k-conversion, decycling, feedback vertex, k-threshold, vertex arboricity, conversion set, forest partition