Juvenal, Martial and the Augustans: an analysis of the production and reception of satiric poetry in Flavian Rome




Pass, Angelica

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This thesis is about the creation, reception and dissemination of poetry in Flavian Rome as depicted in the satires of Juvenal and the epigrams of Martial. It deals with their relationship with their Augustan predecessors, especially Horace. It discusses the rhetoric of decline that pervades early Juvenalian satire, and to some degree, Martial’s epigrams, especially in relation to an idealized and self-proclaimed Golden Age several generations before. It argues that this decline is representative of a political decline since the Age of Augustus and feelings of disenfranchisement of upper-class men under autocratic rule. It also examines the embeddedness of Flavian literature within its urban social context and the ways in which Martial and Juvenal handle the increasing interconnectedness of life and art in relation to their Augustan predecessors. There are three chapters, entitled Amicitia and Patronage, the Recusatio, and Locating the Poetic Feast.



Latin literature, Juvenal, Martial, Horace, Satire, Flavian, Augustan