In silico analysis to explore lineage-independent and -dependent transcriptional programs associated with the process of endothelial and neural differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells

Date

2021

Authors

Nakhaei-Nejad, Maryam
Trinity, Luke
Jabbari, Hosna
Pasdar, Manijeh
Jahroudi, Nadia

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Journal of Clinical Medicine

Abstract

Despite a major interest in understanding how the endothelial cell phenotype is established, the underlying molecular basis of this process is not yet fully understood. We have previously reported the generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS) from human umbilical vein endothelial cells and differentiation of the resulting HiPS back to endothelial cells (Ec-Diff), as well as neural (Nn-Diff) cell lineage that contained both neurons and astrocytes. Furthermore, the identities of these cell lineages were established by gene array analysis. Here, we explored the same arrays to gain insight into the gene alteration processes that accompany the establishment of endothelial vs. non-endothelial neural cell phenotypes. We compared the expression of genes that code for transcription factors and epigenetic regulators when HiPS is differentiated into these endothelial and non-endothelial lineages. Our in silico analyses have identified cohorts of genes that are similarly upor downregulated in both lineages, as well as those that exhibit lineage-specific alterations. Based on these results, we propose that genes that are similarly altered in both lineages participate in priming the stem cell for differentiation in a lineage-independent manner, whereas those that are differentially altered in endothelial compared to neural cells participate in a lineage-specific differentiation process. Specific GATA family members and their cofactors and epigenetic regulators (DNMT3B, PRDM14, HELLS) with a major role in regulating DNA methylation were among participants in priming HiPS for lineage-independent differentiation. In addition, we identified distinct cohorts of transcription factors and epigenetic regulators whose alterations correlated specifically with the establishment of endothelial vs. non-endothelial neural lineages.

Description

Keywords

induced pluripotent stem cells, differentiation, endothelial cells, neural cells, transcription factors, epigenetic regulators

Citation

Nakhaei-Nejad, M., Trinity, L., Jabbari, H., Pasdar, M., & Jahroudi, N. (2021). “In silico analysis to explore lineage-independent and -dependent transcriptional programs associated with the process of endothelial and neural differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells.” Journal of Clinical Medicine, 10(18), 4161. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10184161