Identifying barriers and pathways linking fish and seafood to food security in Inuit Nunangat: A scoping review

dc.contributor.authorBrockington, Meghan
dc.contributor.authorBeale, Dorothy
dc.contributor.authorGaupholm, Josephine
dc.contributor.authorNaylor, Angus
dc.contributor.authorKenny, Tiff-Annie
dc.contributor.authorLemire, Mélanie
dc.contributor.authorFalardeau, Marianne
dc.contributor.authorLoring, Philip
dc.contributor.authorParmley, Jane
dc.contributor.authorLittle, Matthew
dc.description.abstractBackground: Fish and seafood play an important role in improving food security in Inuit Nunangat. Therefore, this scoping review aims to explore (1) what topics and/or themes have been widely explored in the literature related to barriers and pathways linking fish and seafood to food security; (2) where research, policy, and action gaps exist; and (3) how fisheries currently contribute to food security. Methods: A systematic search of peer-reviewed articles was conducted using six databases. Articles were screened by two independent reviewers. Eligible studies included primary research conducted in Inuit Nunangat that explored the roles of fish and seafood in food security. Results: Thirty-one articles were included for review. Overall, we found that fisheries can influence food security through direct pathways (e.g., consuming fish for nutrition), and through indirect pathways such as increasing household purchasing power (e.g., through employment). Research indicated that policies relating to wildlife and fisheries management need to be integrated with food and health policies to better address food insecurity in Inuit Nunangat. Conclusion: Future research is needed to establish a more robust understanding of the explicit mechanisms that fish and seafood harvest and/or the participation in commercial fisheries alleviates household food insecurity.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was funded by ArcticNet project P74, ‘Moving from understanding to action on food security in the Canadian Arctic’ and Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada Northern Contaminants Program project H-12, ‘Piujuit: Country food access and preferences’. Meghan Brockington is supported in part by funding from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council Doctoral Award, the Northern Scientific Training Program, and the University of Guelph, Population Medicine, OVC Doctoral Award. Matthew Little receives funding through a Michael Smith Health Research BC Scholar Award. Philip Loring is funded in part by the Arrell Food Institute at the University of Guelph. Mélanie Lemire is a member of Quebec Océan and received a salary grant from the Fonds de recherche du Québec—Santé (FRQS) Junior 2 (2019–2023). She is the titular of the Littoral Research Chair (2019–2020 and 2020–2021 respectively), which is mainly funded by Sentinel North and the Northern Contaminant Programme (NCP). Marrianne Falardeau is a member of Québec Océan, the Centre d’études nordiques (CEN), and the Littoral Research Chair. She receives funding from the Genome Canada project FISHES (Fostering Indigenous Small-scale fisheries for Health, Economy, and food Security), the Belmont forum project MARAT (Marine Arctic Resilience, Adaptations and Transformations), and a Weston Family Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowship.en_US
dc.identifier.citationBrockington, M., Beale, D., Gaupholm, J., Naylor, A., Kenny, T., Lemire, M., . . . Little, M. (2023). “Identifying barriers and pathways linking fish and seafood to food security in Inuit Nunangat: A scoping review.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 20(3), 2629.
dc.publisherInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Healthen_US
dc.subjectfood securityen_US
dc.subjectArctic Canadaen_US
dc.subjectfood sovereigntyen_US
dc.subjectwildlife managementen_US
dc.titleIdentifying barriers and pathways linking fish and seafood to food security in Inuit Nunangat: A scoping reviewen_US


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