Chronological rectangle digraphs

Date

2015-12-23

Authors

Manzer, Joshua Daniel Adrian

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Abstract

Interval graphs admit elegant ordering and structural characterizations. A natural digraph analogue of interval graphs, called chronological interval digraphs, has recently been identified and studied. We introduce the class of chronological rectangle digraphs, and show that they are a higher dimensional analogue of chronological interval digraphs. A main goal of this thesis is to establish a foundation of knowledge about this class, including basic properties and an ordering characterization. Our most significant result is a forbidden induced subdigraph characterization for the series-parallel digraphs which are chronological rectangle. We also discuss obtaining chronological rectangle digraphs from orientations of graphs. In addition we introduce the related concept of the chronological interval dimension of a digraph, and determine the digraphs for which it is defined. Unit and proper chronological rectangle digraphs, defined analogously to unit and proper interval graphs, are also introduced and studied.

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Keywords

Mathematics, Combinatorics, Graph Theory, Structural Graph Theory

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