Analysis of a two fluid model and its comparison with MHD system




Shen, Shengyi

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In this thesis, we study a two fluid system which describes the motion of two charged particles in a strict neutral incompressible plasma. We study the well-posdness of the system in both space dimensions two and three. Regardless of the size of the initial data, we prove the global well-posedness of the Cauchy problem when the space dimension is two. In space dimension three, we construct global weak-solutions, and we prove the local well-posedness of Kato-type solutions. These solutions turn out to be global when the initial data are sufficiently small. We also study the stability of the solution around zero given that the initial data is small and has sufficient regularity. It turns out that our system is a system of regularity-loss and the L2 norm of lower derivatives of the solution decays. At last, this two fluid system can be used to derive the classic MHD at least formally. Arsenio, Ibrahim and Masmoudi (2015) proved that the two fluid system converges to MHD under some constraints. We showed numerically that the two fluid system converges to MHD with no such constraint and found the approximate converge rate.



two-fluid, stability, wellposedness, MHD, decay, regularity-loss, Navier-Stokes