Nature Elements and Fundamental Motor Skill Development Opportunities at Five Elementary School Districts in British Columbia

Date

2017

Authors

Lim, Christopher
Donovan, Andrew M.
Harper, Nevin J.
Naylor, Patti-Jean

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Abstract

The majority of Canadian children are not physically active enough for healthy development. School playgrounds are a primary location to promote physical activity and motor skill practice. The benefits of children’s play in nature have also been highlighted, but few studies have evaluated children’s access and exposure to nature for play on school grounds. This study examined children’s access to nature on school grounds and the opportunities afforded by those natural elements for motor skill practice. Results: Extensive naturescapes (multiple nature elements in one setting) were not common, and natural elements were limited, ranging from 1.97 to 5.71 elements/school. The most common element was a forested area (26.5% of all natural elements identified). In comparison to built structures, the number of natural elements was low. Some elements differed between school districts and appeared to be related to local geography and terrain (hilly, rocky terrain, tidal flats, etc.). Our assessment showed that naturescape elements afforded opportunities for the development of some key fundamental motor skills (FMS), specifically, locomotor and stability skills, but opportunities to develop manipulative skills were limited. To maximize potential FMS development, physical literacy, and psycho-social benefits, additional elements or more comprehensive multi-element naturescapes and facilitation (social or environmental) are recommended.

Description

Keywords

naturescape, children, school, playground, physical literacy, functional motor skills, nature

Citation

Lim, C., Donovan, A., Harper, N. & Naylor, P. (2017). Nature Elements and Fundamental Motor Skill Development Opportunities at Five Elementary School Districts in British Columbia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14(10), 1279. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14101279