Techno-economic feasibility study of a photovoltaic-equipped plug-in electric vehicle public parking lot with coordinated charging




Ivanova, Alyona

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In the effort to reduce the release of harmful gases associated with the transportation sector, Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEV) have been deployed on the account of zero-tail pipe emissions. With electrification of transport it is imperative to address the electrical grid emissions during vehicle charging by motivating the use of distributed generation. This thesis employs optimal charging strategies based on solar availability and electrical grid tariffs to minimize the cost of retrofitting an existing parking lot with photovoltaic (PV) and PEV infrastructure. The optimization is cast as a unit-commitment problem using the CPLEX optimization tool to determine the optimal charge scheduling. The model determines the optimal capacity of system components and assesses the techno-economic feasibility of PV infrastructure in the microgrid by minimizing the net present cost (NPC) in two case studies: Victoria, BC and Los Angeles, CA. It was determined that due to a relatively low grid tariff and scarcity of solar irradiation, it is not economically feasible to install solar panels and coordination of charging reduces the operating cost by 11% in Victoria. Alternatively, with a high grid tariff and abundance of solar radiation, it shown that Los Angeles is a promising candidate for PV installations. With the implementation of a charging coordination scheme in this region, NPC savings of 8-16% are simulated with the current prices of solar infrastructure. Additionally, coordinated charging was assessed in conjunction with various commercial buildings posing as a base load and it was determined that the effects of coordination were more prominent with smaller base loads.



photovoltaic, electric vehicle, coordination, charging, optimization, unit-commitment