The expansion mechanism of rural residential land and implications for sustainable regional development: Evidence from the Baota District in China's Loess Plateau

Date

2021

Authors

Chen, Zongfeng
Liu, Xueqi
Lu, Zhi
Li, Yurui

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Land

Abstract

Rural residential land is the main space of a farmer’s life, rural culture, and social relations. Prior research of rural residential land has focused more on its evolvement in plain and traditional agricultural areas. Yet, there is no clear picture of rural residential land expansion, especially in ecologically fragile areas. This study analyzed the characteristics of rural residential land expansion based on 30 m spatial resolution land-use datasets of the Baota District of Yan’an City, Shannxi Province, and further explored the influencing factors and mechanisms of rural residential land expansion through binary logistic regression (BLR) modeling. Our findings indicated that the area of rural residential land in the Baota District increased by 116.16% during 1990–2015. More than 75% of the residential land expansion came from the occupation of cropland. Moreover, rural residential land expansion was heterogeneous in the rural regional system. The expansion scale, speed, and mode diversity of rural residential land decreased with the increased distance to urban built-up areas. Geographical conditions and resource endowments are the primary internal driving factors; urbanization and policy implementation are two major external driving forces. The authors suggest that the realization of regional sustainable development in ecologically fragile areas should strengthen urban–rural integration, focus on constructing central towns, and ensure ecological protection measures.

Description

Keywords

rural residential land expansion, sustainable regional development, urban-rural integration, spatiotemporal evolution, influencing factors, Loess Plateau

Citation

Chen, Z., Liu, X., Lu, Z., & Li, Y. (2021). “The expansion mechanism of rural residential land and implications for sustainable regional development: Evidence from the Baota District in China’s Loess Plateau.” Land, 10(2), 172. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10020172