# A Comparative Study of the Fractional-Order Clock Chemical Model

2020

Srivastava, H.M.

Mathematics

## Abstract

In this paper, a comparative study has been made between different algorithms to find the numerical solutions of the fractional-order clock chemical model (FOCCM). The spectral collocation method (SCM) with the shifted Legendre polynomials, the two-stage fractional Runge–Kutta method (TSFRK) and the four-stage fractional Runge–Kutta method (FSFRK) are used to approximate the numerical solutions of FOCCM. Our results are compared with the results obtained for the numerical solutions that are based upon the fundamental theorem of fractional calculus as well as the Lagrange polynomial interpolation (LPI). Firstly, the accuracy of the results is checked by computing the absolute error between the numerical solutions by using SCM, TSFRK, FSFRK, and LPI and the exact solution in the case of the fractional-order logistic equation (FOLE). The numerical results demonstrate the accuracy of the proposed method. It is observed that the FSFRK is better than those by SCM, TSFRK and LPI in the case of an integer order. However, the non-integer orders in the cases of the SCM and LPI are better than those obtained by using the TSFRK and FSFRK. Secondly, the absolute error between the numerical solutions of FOCCM based upon SCM, TSFFRK, FSFRK, and LPI for integer order and non-integer order has been computed. The absolute error in the case of the integer order by using the three methods of the third order is considered. For the non-integer order, the order of the absolute error in the case of SCM is found to be the best. Finally, these results are graphically illustrated by means of different figures.

## Keywords

fractional derivatives, fractional-order clock chemical model, shifted Legendre polynomials, spectral collocation method, Lagrange polynomial interpolation, fractional Runge-Kutta method, Newton-Raphson method

## Citation

Srivastava, H. M., & Saad, K. M. (2020). A Comparative Study of the Frational-Order Clock Chemical Model. Mathematics, 8(9), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.3390/math8091436.