Physical layer security in two-way SWIPT relay networks with imperfect CSI and a friendly jammer




Hayajneh, Maymoona
Gulliver, Thomas Aaron

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In this paper, the security of two-way relay communications in the presence of a passive eavesdropper is investigated. Two users communicate via a relay that depends solely on energy harvesting to amplify and forward the received signals. Time switching is employed at the relay to harvest energy and obtain user information. A friendly jammer is utilized to hinder the eavesdropping from wiretapping the information signal. The eavesdropper employs maximal ratio combining and selection combining to improve the signal-to-noise ratio of the wiretapped signals. Geometric programming (GP) is used to maximize the secrecy capacity of the system by jointly optimizing the time switching ratio of the relay and transmit power of the two users and jammer. The impact of imperfect channel state information at the eavesdropper for the links between the eavesdropper and the other nodes is determined. Further, the secrecy capacity when the jamming signal is not perfectly cancelled at the relay is examined. The secrecy capacity is shown to be greater with a jammer compared to the case without a jammer. The effect of the relay, jammer, and eavesdropper locations on the secrecy capacity is also studied. It is shown that the secrecy capacity is greatest when the relay is at the midpoint between the users. The closer the jammer is to the eavesdropper, the higher the secrecy capacity as the shorter distance decreases the signal-to-noise ratio of the jammer.



amplify and forward, eavesdropper, imperfect channel state information, relay, secrecy capacity, simultaneous wireless information and power transfer, time switching, two-way


Hayajneh, M. & Gulliver, T. A. (2023). “Physical layer security in two-way SWIPT relay networks with imperfect CSI and a friendly jammer.” Entropy, 25(1), 122.