Reflexive injective oriented colourings

Date

2009-12-22T16:36:04Z

Authors

Campbell, Russell J.

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Abstract

We define a variation of injective oriented colouring as reflexive injective oriented colouring, or rio-colouring for short, which requires an oriented colouring to be injective on the neighbourhoods of the underlying graph, without requiring the colouring to be proper. An analysis of the complexity of the problem of deciding whether an oriented graph has a k-rio-colouring is considered, and we find a dichotomy for the values of k below 3 and above, being in P or NP-complete, respectively. Characterizations are given for the oriented graphs resulting from the polynomial-time solvable cases, and bounds are given for the rio-chromatic number in terms of maximum in-degree and out-degree, in general, and for oriented trees. Also, a polynomial-time algorithm is developed to aid in the rio-colouring of oriented trees.

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Keywords

Colouring, Digraph, Oriented Graph, Graph Theory, Tree, Rio-colouring, Graph Homomorphism, Chromatic Number

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