Healthy vending contracts: Do localized policy approaches improve the nutrition environment in publicly funded recreation and sport facilities?

Date

2019

Authors

Lane, Cassandra
Naylor, Patti-Jean
Tomlin, Dona
Kirk, Sara
Hanning, Rhona
Masse, Louise
Olstad, Dana Lee
Prowse, Rachel
Caswell, Susan
Jarvis, Sherry

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Preventive Medicine Reports

Abstract

This study explored the influence of healthy vending contracts (HVC) on the nutritional quality of vending machine products in 46 Canadian publicly funded recreation and sport facilities. A quasi-experimental comparison design was used to examine the difference in nutritional quality of snack and beverage vending machine products at baseline (December 2015–May 2016) and 18-month follow-up. Staff Surveys assessed facility contract type (HVC or conventional) and vending machine audits identified product nutritional quality. Products were categorized by provincial guidelines as Do Not Sell (DNS), Sell Sometimes (SS) or Sell Most (SM). ANOVA compared categories cross-sectionally (HVC vs conventional) and repeated measures ANOVA compared them longitudinally (HVC-HVC, vs conventional-conventional and conventional-HVC). Approximately one quarter of contracts (24% beverage and 28% snack) had health stipulations at baseline or follow-up. Cross-sectionally, facilities with HVC at any time period had significantly lower percentage DNS (beverage: 56% vs 73%, p = 0.001; snack: 55% vs 85%, p < 0.001), higher SS (beverage: 24% vs 14%, p = 0.003; snack: 35% vs 12%, p < 0.001) and higher SM Products (beverage: 21% vs 13%, p = 0.030; snack: 10% vs 3%, p < 0.003). Longitudinally, facilities with consistent HVC or that changed to HVC showed greater decreases in DNS products over time (p < 0.050). Although less healthy products were still highly prevalent, facilities with HVC or that changed to HVC had fewer unhealthy products available in their vending machines over time compared to those without HVCs. Healthy vending contracts appear to be an effective change strategy.

Description

Keywords

Public facilities, Nutrition policy, Contracts, Food dispensers, Automatic, Pediatric obesity

Citation

Lane, C., Naylor, P., Tomlin, D., Kirk, S. Hanning, R., Masse, L., … Raine, K. (2019). Healthy vending contracts: Do localized policy approaches improve the nutrition environment in publicly funded recreation and sport facilities? Preventive Medicine Reports, 16, 100967. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2019.100967