Phase 1 and pharmacokinetic study of LY3007113, a p38 MAPK inhibitor, in patients with advanced cancer

Date

2018

Authors

Goldman, J.W.
Rosen, L.S.
Tolcher, A.W.
Papdopolous, K.
Beeram, M.
Shi, P.
Pitou, C.
Bell, R.
Kulanthaivel, P.
Zhang, Xuekui

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Invest New Drugs

Abstract

Background The signaling protein p38 mitogenactivated protein kinase (MAPK) regulates the tumor cell microenvironment, modulating cell survival, migration, and invasion. This phase 1 study evaluated the safety of p38 MAPK inhibitor LY3007113 in patients with advanced cancer to establish a recommended phase 2 dose. Methods In part A (dose escalation), LY3007113 was administered orally every 12 h (Q12H) at doses ranging from 20 mg to 200 mg daily on a 28- day cycle until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was reached. In part B (dose confirmation), patients received MTD. Safety, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and tumor response data were evaluated. Results MTD was 30 mg Q12H. The most frequent treatment-related adverse events (>10%) were tremor, rash, stomatitis, increased blood creatine phosphokinase, and fatigue. Grade ≥ 3 treatment-related adverse events included upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage and increased hepatic enzyme, both occurring at 40 mg Q12H and considered dose-limiting toxicities. LY3007113 exhibited an approximately dose-proportional increase in exposure and time-independent pharmacokinetics after repeated dosing. Maximal inhibition (80%) of primary biomarker MAPKactivated protein kinase 2 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells was not reached, and sustained minimal inhibition (60%) was not maintained for 6 h after dosing to achieve a biologically effective dose (BED). The best overall response in part B was stable disease in 3 of 27 patients. Conclusions The recommended phase 2 dosage of LY3007113 was 30 mg Q12H. Three patients continued treatment after the first radiographic assessment, and the BED was not achieved. Further clinical development of this compound is not planned as toxicity precluded achieving a biologically effective dose.

Description

Keywords

advanced cancer, inhibitor, p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase

Citation

Goldman, J.W., Rosen, L.S., Tolcher, A.W., Papadopoulos, K., Beeram, M., Shi, P., Pitou, C., Bell, R., Kulanthaivel, P., Zhang, X., Fink, A., Chan, E.M., Shahir, A., Farrington, D., Patnaik, A. (2018). Phase 1 and pharmacokinetic study of LY3007113, a p38 MAPK inhibitor, in patients with advanced cancer. Invest New Drugs, 36, 629-637. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10637-017-0532-2