The JCMT BISTRO-2 Survey: Magnetic fields of the massive DR21 filament

dc.contributor.authorChing, Tao-Chung
dc.contributor.authorQiu, Keping
dc.contributor.authorLi, Di
dc.contributor.authorRen, Zhiyuan
dc.contributor.authorLai, Shih-Ping
dc.contributor.authorBerry, David
dc.contributor.authorPattle, Kate
dc.contributor.authorFuruya, Ray
dc.contributor.authorWard-Thompson, Derek
dc.contributor.authorJohnstone, Doug
dc.contributor.authorKoch, Patrick M.
dc.contributor.authorLee, Chang Won
dc.contributor.authorHoang, Thiem
dc.contributor.authorHasegawa, Tetsuo
dc.contributor.authorKwon, Woojin
dc.contributor.authorBastien, Pierre
dc.contributor.authorEswaraiah, Chakali
dc.contributor.authorWang, Jia-Wei
dc.contributor.authorKim, Kyoung Hee
dc.contributor.authoret al.
dc.date.accessioned2023-01-26T19:58:38Z
dc.date.available2023-01-26T19:58:38Z
dc.date.copyright2022en_US
dc.date.issued2022
dc.description.abstractWe present 850 μm dust polarization observations of the massive DR21 filament from the B-fields In STar-forming Region Observations (BISTRO) survey, using the POL-2 polarimeter and the SCUBA-2 camera on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope. We detect ordered magnetic fields perpendicular to the parsec-scale ridge of the DR21 main filament. In the subfilaments, the magnetic fields are mainly parallel to the filamentary structures and smoothly connect to the magnetic fields of the main filament. We compare the POL-2 and Planck dust polarization observations to study the magnetic field structures of the DR21 filament on 0.1–10 pc scales. The magnetic fields revealed in the Planck data are well-aligned with those of the POL-2 data, indicating a smooth variation of magnetic fields from large to small scales. The plane-of-sky magnetic field strengths derived from angular dispersion functions of dust polarization are 0.6–1.0 mG in the DR21 filament and ∼0.1 mG in the surrounding ambient gas. The mass-to-flux ratios are found to be magnetically supercritical in the filament and slightly subcritical to nearly critical in the ambient gas. The alignment between column density structures and magnetic fields changes from random alignment in the low-density ambient gas probed by Planck to mostly perpendicular in the high-density main filament probed by James Clerk Maxwell Telescope. The magnetic field structures of the DR21 filament are in agreement with MHD simulations of a strongly magnetized medium, suggesting that magnetic fields play an important role in shaping the DR21 main filament and subfilaments.en_US
dc.description.reviewstatusRevieweden_US
dc.description.scholarlevelFacultyen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work is supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) grant Nos. 11988101, U1931117, 11725313, and 12073061 and the CAS International Partnership Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences grant No. 114A11KYSB20160008. T.-C.C. is funded by Chinese Academy of Sciences Taiwan Young Talent Program grant No. 2018TW2JB0002. T.-C.C. and C.E. were supported by Special Funding for Advanced Users, budgeted and administrated by Center for Astronomical Mega-Science (CAMS), Chinese Academy of Sciences. K.P. is a Royal Society University Research Fellow, supported by grant No. URF⧹R1⧹211322. D.J. is supported by the National Research Council of Canada and by a Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) Discovery Grant. P.M.K. is supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST) in Taiwan through grants 109-2112-M-001-022 and 110-2112-M-001-057. C.W.L. is supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (NRF-2019R1A2C1010851), and by the Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT; Project No. 2022-1-840-05). T.H. is supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) through the Mid-career Research Program (2019R1A2C1087045). W.K. was supported by the NRF grant funded by the MSIT (2021R1F1A1061794). C.E. acknowledges the financial support from grant RJF/2020/ 000071 as a part of Ramanujan Fellowship awarded by the Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB), Department of Science and Technology (DST), Govt. of India. F.P. acknowledges support from the Spanish State Research Agency (AEI) under grant No. PID2019-105552RB-C43. M.T. is supported by JSPS KAKENHI grant Nos. 18H05442, 15H02063, and 22000005. J.K. is supported by JSPS KAKENHI grant No. 19K14775. L.F. and F.K. acknowledge the support by the MoST in Taiwan through grant 107-2119-M-001-031-MY3 and Academia Sinica through grant AS-IA-106-M03. L.F. acknowledges the support by the MoST in Taiwan through grants 111- 2811-M-005-007 and 109-2112-M-005-003-MY3. C.L.H.H. acknowledges the support of the NAOJ Fellowship and JSPS KAKENHI grants 18K13586 and 20K14527. F.K. is supported by the Spanish program Unidad de Excelencia María de Maeztu CEX2020-001058-M, financed by MCIN/AEI/10.13039/ 501100011033. K.Q. is partially supported by National Key R&D Program of China No. 2022YFA1603100, and acknowledges the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) grant U1731237. S.P.L. acknowledges grants from the Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan 106-2119-M-007-021- MY3 and 109-2112-M-007-010-MY3. Y.D. acknowledges the support of JSPS KAKENHI grants 25247016 and 18H01250. Y. S.D. is supported by the National Key R&D Program of China for grant No. 2022YFA1605300, and NSFC grants Nos. 12273051, 11933003.en_US
dc.identifier.citationChing, T., Qiu, K., Li, D., Ren, Z., Lai, S., Berry, D., . . . van Loo, S. (2022). “The JCMT BISTRO-2 Survey: Magnetic fields of the massive DR21 filament.” The Astrophysical Journal, 941(122). https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ac9dfben_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ac9dfb
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1828/14700
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherThe Astrophysical Journalen_US
dc.subjectInterstellar magnetic fieldsen_US
dc.subjectStar-forming regionsen_US
dc.subjectInterstellar filamentsen_US
dc.subjectSubmillimetre astronomyen_US
dc.subjectPolarimetryen_US
dc.titleThe JCMT BISTRO-2 Survey: Magnetic fields of the massive DR21 filamenten_US
dc.typeArticleen_US

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