Contrasting thermal and melting histories for segments of mantle lithosphere in the Nahlin ophiolite, British Columbia, Canada

Date

2018-03

Authors

McGoldrick, Siobhan
Canil, Dante
Zagorevski, Alex

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology

Abstract

The Permo-Triassic Nahlin ophiolite is the largest and best-preserved ophiolite in the Canadian Cordillera of British Columbia and Yukon, Canada. The ophiolite is well-exposed along its ~ 150 km length with mantle segments divisible into the Hardluck and Menatatuline massifs. Both massifs comprise mostly depleted spinel harzburgite (< 2 wt% Al2O3 and ~ 45 wt% MgO). Chondrite normalized REE abundances in clinopyroxene vary in (Gd/Yb)N from 0.2 to 1.1. Inversion modelling of clinopyroxene REE abundances requires 10–16% and 16–20% partial melting in the Hardluck and Menatatuline massifs, respectively. The two-pyroxene and Fe–Mg exchange temperatures in the mantle of the ophiolite also change systematically along strike with the degree of partial melt depletion. The temperatures recorded by REE and Ca-Mg exchange between coexisting pyroxenes require markedly higher peak temperatures and cooling rates for the Menatatuline massif (1250 °C, 0.1–0.01 °C/year) compared to the Hardluck massif (< 1100 °C, ~ 10− 4 °C/year). The differences between these two contiguous massifs can be reconciled by their evolution as two separate segments along a ridge system having varying melt depletion, with contrasting cooling rates controlled by presence or absence of a crustal section above the mantle lithosphere, or by rapid exhumation along a detachment.

Description

Keywords

Mantle, Thermometry, Melting, Geochemistry, Ophiolite, Arc, Cordillera

Citation

McGoldrick, S., Canil, D. & Zagorevski, A. (2018). Contrasting thermal and melting histories for segments of mantle lithosphere in the Nahlin ophiolite, British Columbia, Canada. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 173, 25. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00410-018-1450-9