Geo-archaeology and Haíɫzaqv oral history: Long-term human investment and resource use at EkTb-9, Triquet Island, N̓úláw̓itxˇv Tribal Area, Central Coast, British Columbia, Canada

Date

2023

Authors

Gauvreau, Alisha
Fedje, Daryl
Dyck, Angela
Mackie, Quentin
Hebda, Christopher F. G.
Holmes, Keith
White, Qˇíxˇitasu Yímˇázalas Elroy
Housty, Dúqva̓ísḷa William
Housty, Ĝvuí Rory
McLaren, Duncan

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports

Abstract

Archaeological site EkTb-9 is located on Triquet Island in the N̓úláw̓itxˇv Tribal area of Haíɫzaqv (Heiltsuk) Nation territory, on the Central Coast of British Columbia, Canada. The results of radiometric dating and the analysis of palaeoenvironmental correlates indicate that the site was a persistent place of repeated human occupation spanning the early post-glacial period to the present day. This paper focuses on the paleogeographic and geomorphic setting of EkTb-9. Stratigraphic records show a complex array of site formation processes. Marine beach sediments are elevated above modern sea level, an extensive sand sheet consistent with a possible palaeotsunami event is present, as well as organic soils and peat deposits. Cultural strata are interbedded with these and include both shell-less and preserved shell accumulations. Results from our geo-archaeological and palaeoenvironmental assessments indicate that the outer coastal island changed from what was likely an open landscape during the early post-glacial period to the hypermaritime coastal temperate rainforest environs of the present day. Our interpretations are combined with Haíɫzaqv oral history and discussions are organized by Haíɫzaqv temporal phases identified for the N̓úláw̓itxˇv Tribal area. Combining Indigenous knowledge with our archaeological interpretations enhances our collective understanding of the long-term record of human occupation and investment at EkTb-9.

Description

Archaeological study conducted per the terms and conditions of Heritage Conservation Act Permit 2011-0171, held by Dr. D McLaren, Cordillera Archaeology. Permit issued by the Archaeology Branch of British Columbia, Ministry of Forests, Canada. University of Victoria, Human Research Ethics, Community Engaged Research Project Registration Protocol Approval Number: 19-0104-01 (Renewed Annually). Heiltsuk Tribal Council c/o Heiltsuk Cultural Education Center, approved of this research per the conditions of the Heiltsuk Band Research Registration (2016-ongoing). Bella Bella, British Columbia.

Keywords

Northwest Coast, British Columbia, Haíɫzaqv (Heiltsuk) Nation territory, Geoarchaeology, Site Formation Processes, Oral History, Persistent Places

Citation

Gauvreau, A., Fedje, D., Dyck, A., Mackie, Q., Hebda, C. F. G., White, Q. Y. E., ... McLaren, D. Geo-archaeology and Haíɫzaqv oral history: Long-term human investment and resource use at EkTb-9, Triquet Island, N̓úláw̓itxˇv Tribal Area, Central Coast, British Columbia, Canada. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 49, 103884. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2023.103884