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    Marginalized graduate students navigating the academy during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A phenomenological approach
    (College & Research Libraries, 2024) Kumaran, Maha; Farnum, Cecile; Gupta, Aditi; Levesque, Lisa; Roache, Darcia
    The aim of this study was to understand marginalized graduate students’ use of academic libraries for research activities during the COVID-19 pandemic. Using a phenomenological approach, this study investigated the challenges, barriers, and coping strategies of marginalized graduate students from three Canadian universities. Focus groups were conducted to stimulate discussions and gather rich data from participants. Based on findings, this study offers several recommendations for inclusive spaces, accessibility across institutions, bridging divides, and more to address service gaps and improve library access for all users.
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    Bridge2Hyku: Meeting practitioners’ needs in digital collection migration to open source Samvera repository
    (Publications, 2020) Wu, Annie; Thompson, Santi; Washington, Anne; Watkins, Sean; Weidner, Andrew; Seeman, Dean; Woodward, Nicholas
    The University of Houston Libraries, in partnership and consultation with numerous institutions, was awarded an Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) National Leadership/Project Grant to create the Bridge2Hyku (B2H) Toolkit. Content migration from proprietary systems to open source repositories remains a barrier for many institutions due to lack of tools, tutorials, and documentation. The B2H Toolkit, which includes migration strategies, migration tools, as well as system requirements for transitioning from CONTENTdm to Hyku, acts as a comprehensive resource to facilitate repository migration. Through a phased toolkit development process, the project team solicited inputs and feedback from peer migration practitioners via survey and pilot testing. The analysis of the feedback data was built into use cases which informed the development and enhancement of the migration strategies and tools. Working across institutions with migration practitioners’ needs in mind, the project team was able to successfully release a Toolkit that mitigates migration barriers and fills gaps in the migration process. Providing a path to a community-supported open source digital solution, the Bridge2Hyku Toolkits ensures access and expanded use of digital content and collections of libraries and cultural heritage institutions.
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    Database review: EconBiz
    (Journal of Business & Finance Librarianship, 2023-07-22) Nickerson, Emily; Schmidt, Christian
    EconBiz is a specialized academic information portal hosted by the Leibniz Information Center for Economics in Germany. It is freely accessible and facilitates discovery to a wide range of research publications, learning, and professional resources. This article will review EconBiz in the context of business and eco-nomics research and from an openness perspective.
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    A scoping review of personal librarian programs in academic libraries
    (College and Undergraduate Libraries, 2022) Murphy, James E.; Premji, Zahra; Jones, Rhiannon
    Personal librarian programs have been used in academic libraries since 1984, peaking in prevalence in the 2010s, and although assessment varies, they have shown to be a successful student engagement program in academic libraries. To survey and compile these programs for future program development, the authors comprehensively reviewed published literature on academic library programs categorized as personal librarian programs using scoping review methodology. Sources searched were Academic Search Complete, Web of Science core collection, Library and Information Science Abstracts, Library and Information Science Sources, Education Research Complete, monographs, conference proceedings, and gray literature. Programs were primarily in North America, with eighteen in the U.S., four in Canada and one in South Africa. The authors found that a plan of assessment should be in place before embarking on a personal librarian program. By reviewing the various models of personal librarian programs, the authors hope that this scoping review will assist librarians in selecting the appropriate model for their academic institution.
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    Protective effectiveness of previous SARS-CoV-2 infection and hybrid immunity against the omicron variant and severe disease: A systematic review and meta-regression
    (The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 2023) Bobrovitz, Niklas; Ware, Harriet; Ma, Xiaomeng; Li, Zihan; Hosseini, Reza; Cao, Christian; Selemon, Anabel; Whelan, Mairead; Premji, Zahra; Issa, Hanane; Cheng, Brianna; Abu Raddad, Laith J; Buckeridge, David L; Van Kerkhove, Maria D; Piechotta, Vanessa; Higdon, Melissa M; Wilder-Smith, Annelies; Bergeri, Isabel; Feikin, Daniel R; Arora, Rahul K; et al.
    Summary Background The global surge in the omicron (B.1.1.529) variant has resulted in many individuals with hybrid immunity (immunity developed through a combination of SARS-CoV-2 infection and vaccination). We aimed to systematically review the magnitude and duration of the protective effectiveness of previous SARS-CoV-2 infection and hybrid immunity against infection and severe disease caused by the omicron variant. Methods For this systematic review and meta-regression, we searched for cohort, cross-sectional, and case–control studies in MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, ClinicalTrials.gov, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the WHO COVID-19 database, and Europe PubMed Central from Jan 1, 2020, to June 1, 2022, using keywords related to SARS-CoV-2, reinfection, protective effectiveness, previous infection, presence of antibodies, and hybrid immunity. The main outcomes were the protective effectiveness against reinfection and against hospital admission or severe disease of hybrid immunity, hybrid immunity relative to previous infection alone, hybrid immunity relative to previous vaccination alone, and hybrid immunity relative to hybrid immunity with fewer vaccine doses. Risk of bias was assessed with the Risk of Bias In Non-Randomized Studies of Interventions Tool. We used log-odds random-effects meta-regression to estimate the magnitude of protection at 1-month intervals. This study was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42022318605). Findings 11 studies reporting the protective effectiveness of previous SARS-CoV-2 infection and 15 studies reporting the protective effectiveness of hybrid immunity were included. For previous infection, there were 97 estimates (27 with a moderate risk of bias and 70 with a serious risk of bias). The effectiveness of previous infection against hospital admission or severe disease was 74·6% (95% CI 63·1–83·5) at 12 months. The effectiveness of previous infection against reinfection waned to 24·7% (95% CI 16·4–35·5) at 12 months. For hybrid immunity, there were 153 estimates (78 with a moderate risk of bias and 75 with a serious risk of bias). The effectiveness of hybrid immunity against hospital admission or severe disease was 97·4% (95% CI 91·4–99·2) at 12 months with primary series vaccination and 95·3% (81·9–98·9) at 6 months with the first booster vaccination after the most recent infection or vaccination. Against reinfection, the effectiveness of hybrid immunity following primary series vaccination waned to 41·8% (95% CI 31·5–52·8) at 12 months, while the effectiveness of hybrid immunity following first booster vaccination waned to 46·5% (36·0–57·3) at 6 months. Interpretation All estimates of protection waned within months against reinfection but remained high and sustained for hospital admission or severe disease. Individuals with hybrid immunity had the highest magnitude and durability of protection, and as a result might be able to extend the period before booster vaccinations are needed compared to individuals who have never been infected.
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    Chat Transcripts in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic: Analysis of Chats from the AskAway Consortia
    (Evidence Based Library and Information Practice, 2023) Sobol, Barbara; Goncalves, Aline; Vis-Dunbar, Mathew; Lacey, Sajni; Moist, Shannon; Jantzi, Leanna; Gupta, Aditi; Mussell, Jessica; Foster, Patricia L.; James, Kathleen
    During the COVID-19 pandemic, the majority of post-secondary institutions in British Columbia remained closed for a prolonged period, and volume on the provincial consortia chat service, AskAway, increased significantly. This study was designed to evaluate the content of AskAway transcripts for the 2019-2020 and 2020-2021 academic years to determine if the content of questions varied during the pandemic.
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    British Columbia Historical Textbooks Interactive Digital Library SDIF: Summary Report
    (2023-08-29) Russell, Pia
    The British Columbia Historical Textbooks (BCHT) Interactive Digital Library project is a successful, ongoing initiative within UVic Libraries involving student research assistants, Indigenous community members, faculty co-investigators, and multiple library units, including Special Collections and University Archives, The Digitization Centre, Reconciliation, and Metadata. The aim of librarian Pia Russell’s project is to use digital technologies to preserve and increase access to central primary sources from the history of education in the province. BCHT also provides a significant opportunity for decolonizing collective historical narratives and working towards broad public dialogue for reconciliation.
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    Participating in CRKN’s November workshops to shape future preservation services to benefit
    (2023-08-21) Davis, Corey
    The Canadian digital preservation landscape is changing, especially with the entry of Internet Archive Canada and commercial players such as Preservica and Ebsco. Amazon Web Services are also increasingly targeting research libraries specifically for preservation-adjacent services like storage. Within this environment, CRKN is looking at the possibility of offering generic preservation processing and storage services based on their existing Canadiana infrastructure. It’s critical that digital preservation practitioners play a meaningful role in these conversations.
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    Demystifying Library Assessment: Final Summary Report for the “Coming Out of COVID” UVic Libraries Strategic Directions Impact Fund 2022-2023
    (2023-08-21) Khair, Shahira; Sanders, Cairo
    This grant was used to organize and support librarian participation in professional development opportunities related to analysis methods and tools to improve assessment-related skills of information professionals at UVic Libraries. Participation in these training sessions was open to all UVic Libraries employees.
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    The Library as Place: An Audio Tour of UVic Libraries - SDIF Summary Report
    (2023-08-16) Khair, Shahira; MacFarlane, Samantha
    Summary report for 2022-23 “Coming Out of COVID” UVic Libraries Strategic Directions Impact Fund research project "The Library as Place: An Audio Tour of UVic Libraries."
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    Living with Climate Change Project
    (2023-08-09) Lines, Michael
    Funded under the title “Celebrating Student Climate Change Action: Exhibition, conversation, and hands-on learning,” this project was initiated by Michael Lines in conversation with Professor Thomas Heyd. Professor Heyd brought the core idea forward: a student-led event series to address climate change anxiety by focusing on learning about and contributing to local climate change initiatives. Rhianna Nagel of Community Engaged Learning contributed the idea to highlight student research and artistic projects. Events were planned to coincide with the United Nations Climate Change Conference COP27, which ran from Nov. 6-18.
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    Information Literacy Session for "Improving safety, ethics, and professional practice in Engineering via youth training" course
    (2023-07-27) Gupta, Aditi
    Given the lack of regulation of engineering as a profession in India, this proposed project entitled "Improving safety, ethics, and professional practice in Engineering via youth training" focuses on developing a short 10-week course. As the Engineering & Science Librarian, I was approached by the primary volunteers and partner institutions, Dr. Rishi Gupta at UVic and Dr. Urmil Dave at Nirma University to develop a library instruction session for students to be delivered to students as part of this course. I have had the opportunity and privilege to provide research consultations to many international students from developing countries at UVic as well as the privilege of working with many students on developing their research topics, finding resources as well as teaching them critical information literacy concepts.
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    Engaging researchers: Explore a research sprints program to support UVic faculty or graduate student research projects. A Report
    (2023-07-23) Munro, Karen
    Report on the outcomes of 2022-23 strategic funding received under the "Coming out of COVID" program from UVic Libraries.
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    Report on Embedding Wikipedia Editing in Asian Studies Curriculum Project
    (2023-07-23) Liu, Ying
    Embedding Wikipedia editing in teaching is not a new idea and there have been rich resources including Wikipedia Education that are available online. However, there are limited Wikipedia Edit-a-thon events or curriculum design content on Asian Canadian studies and broader on Asian culture studies. Presenting qualified content about Asian Canadian communities and relevant cultures in Wikipedia constitutes meaningful steps to support anti-racism and improve cross-culture understanding and social justice in the online environment.
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    “Available Upon Reasonable Request”: Search strategy sharing statements and practices in published systematic reviews
    (Canadian Health Libraries Association, 2023) Premji, Zahra; Neilson, Christine
    Introduction: There has been an increased emphasis on research transparency and data sharing in recent years. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guideline was created in 2009, and updated in 2021, to improve transparency of published systematic reviews (SRs). The PRISMA checklist clearly states that complete search strategies should be reported but authors may not adhere to the guideline. A 2017 scoping review on PRISMA compliance showed that the pooled adherence to item #8 (inclusion of search strategy) of the PRISMA checklist was ~62% (Page & Moher, 2017). Some review authors opt to include a statement that the search strategy is available on request, rather than publish them with the review manuscript. This study examined published SRs containing search strategy availability statements and their subsequent sharing practices. Methods: We conducted fulltext searches using Google Scholar, Lens.org, Academic Search Complete, and EBSCO Medline to identify English-language SRs containing search availability statements that were published in the past five years. Results were deduplicated and screened using Covidence software. Results: 155 SRs were included for data extraction. While some authors readily shared their search strategies, others did not. Reproducibility of the shared strategies varied. Failure to share search strategies reduces transparency and may bring the quality of the overall work into question. References: Page, M. J., & Moher, D. (2017). Evaluations of the uptake and impact of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) Statement and extensions: a scoping review. Systematic reviews, 6(1), 263. doi: 10.1186/s13643-017-0663-8
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    Research Data Management Support in the Humanities: Challenges and Recommendations
    (2023-01-10) Higgins, Stefan; Goddard, Lisa; Khair, Shahira
    This report summarizes proceedings from Research Data Management for Digitally-Curious Humanists, a virtual event sponsored by Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) on Research Data Management Capacity Building. This event was held as a Digital Humanities Summer Institute 2021 aligned conference, and was led by the University of Victoria Libraries and the Electronic Textual Cultures Lab on June 14th, 2021. The program, presentations, and related resources are openly available on the project site: https://osf.io/6vepj/wiki/home/ The following recommendations reflect conversations with Humanist researchers and students before, during, and after the Connections event, based on pre- and post-surveys of attendees, and on presentations and discussion during the event. We have included the recommendations at the beginning of this report for easy reference, but please read further sections for much more detail. 1) Many humanists are uncertain about what constitutes “data” in the context of their research projects. Better guidance on defining research data must be developed in consultation with both digital and non-digital humanists from a variety of different disciplines. 2) As RDM policies become more mature, it is imperative to spend time examining edge cases, including analogue scholarship, and fine arts research processes. Directed effort must be made to engage researchers who identify their research as “not fitting into current data management policy” rather than focussing on successful, masthead DH projects, which generally already have institutional support, funding, and technical capabilities. This recommendation can be summarized as looking at the boundaries and edge cases of policies, as well as the centre. 3) Humanist researchers are not necessarily convinced about the relevance or value of “data” in their disciplines. This fosters a reluctance to engage with data management planning, and a tendency to see RDM as a bureaucratic burden. Clear examples of the value of high quality, sustainable, reusable humanities data sets are necessary to convince humanist researchers of the importance of RDM work. 4) Humanist researchers continue to feel that they need support for data management at all stages of the research process: on conceptual and theoretical approaches to data; on guidance for meeting new Tri-Agencies funding requirements; on making choices about data infrastructure; on defining appropriate metadata frameworks; on capturing and recording metadata according to standards; and on how to ensure their research does not change in kind in order to meet data policy. 5) Humanist researchers would like to receive funding increases that reflect the additional cost of research data management to projects, including the need to hire and train team members who can oversee the design and creation of data and metadata to ensure that practice aligns with the data management plan. 6) Humanists require RDM support and training sessions over the course of their whole careers, and not simply when they are ready to apply for funding. Ideally, data management concepts and basic skills will be developed at the undergraduate and graduate level. Asking researchers to try to absorb and apply all of this information at the point of grant application is likely to generate frustration and shallow engagement, as material becomes outdated or forgotten over the award timespans. 7) Many senior humanities researchers and instructors do not feel that they have enough RDM knowledge to confidently teach the necessary concepts and tools. A great deal of RDM instruction is aimed at experienced researchers, but it is also necessary to develop instructional resources that are aimed at undergraduate and graduate audiences. Ideally these instructional materials will include asynchronous options, and hands-on learning exercises that can be evaluated in a for-credit context. 8) Humanist data are extremely diverse. Most data are not highly structured or machine-generated, and a significant amount of what might be considered data are not digital. For funding bodies, institutions, and humanities researchers, one central task of research data management will be developing infrastructures that achieve a measure of standardization that supports widespread access, while ensuring researchers do not lose the ability to critically engage with different theories, methods, and practices of categorization in their own work. Research software, publishing platforms, and data repositories need to be flexible enough to support humanist research objects and processes without unduly constraining them. 9) Avoid applying over-standardized solutions for diverse research across different disciplines and fields. Although some measure of standardization is necessary for any RDM work at scale, an overemphasis on standardization risks conflating and confusing different types of research and their needs. 10) Research data management and digital research infrastructure (DRI) are closely connected. Ideally the Tri-Agencies will work closely with Digital Research Alliance of Canada (the Alliance) to ensure that digital infrastructure and research software are developed in ways that incorporate RDM principles, and facilitate the production of good data and metadata that can easily be exported for ingest into repositories that will provide long-term access and preservation. 11) Platform, software, and tool choices will significantly affect the way in which project data is organized, described, and accessed. In order to produce good data, humanists will need expert guidance on the way in which their technology and tool choices will impact their ability to export data and related metadata for deposit into repositories. This is closely related to the kinds of general data research infrastructure needs that humanists have articulated in several of the 2020 NDRIO white papers. There is a critical need for improved access to research tools and infrastructure, but technology alone cannot fully address researcher needs. Human experts who can provide support and guidance are equally important. 12) Humanist researchers continue to struggle with project sustainability, but are often loathe to divorce back-end data from its front-end context for the purposes of preservation. One way to address this is to include more contextual and interpretive information in metadata, and to design projects from inception so that data can stand alone, outside the context of the user interface. Not only will this produce more reusable data, but it will help a great deal with the problem of project preservation. Humanist researchers require much more theoretical and practical training on metadata creation, ideally beginning at the undergraduate and graduate level. 13) Data work will not always be perfect from the beginning, and so data as practice involves a willingness to experiment, or to be prepared for the changes that projects undergo, and the contingencies they may encounter. It is extremely unlikely that humanist researchers will be able to create accurate and detailed plans at the application stage. Data management planning tools must support the evolving nature of data management plans with document versioning, alerts to remind researchers to revisit data plans periodically, and authorization tools that can accommodate changing team membership. 14) The Tri-Agencies should clearly articulate how DMPs will be evaluated during the application review process. Given the lack of DMP expertise among many humanists, it is imperative that clear direction to reviewers is provided about how to evaluate the DMP component of an application. There is some risk that SSHRC reviewers who do not accept the importance of “data” in their disciplines will not place weight on data management as a criteria for evaluation. 15) The Tri-Agencies should clearly articulate the oversight process and reporting requirements related to Data Management Plans. Without some kind of formal follow-up, there is a strong chance that DMPs created at the point of funding application will never again be consulted, updated, or put into practice. 16) Humanist researchers strongly agree that research projects involving human subjects must prioritize consultation with communities of practice. Ethical concerns must trump data-sharing benefits in all cases. Indigenous data is out of the scope of the current policy, which is appropriate, but funding for community-designed and -owned solutions are also necessary so that Indigenous people are able to control, access, and use their data over time.
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    Makerspace Workshop Badges: Student Perceptions & Uses of Informal Credentialing
    (International Symposium on Academic Makerspaces, 2022-11-05) McCue, Richard A; Johnson, Brittany
    Key findings from this paper include: - 23% percent of drop-in workshop participants earned a makerspace badge for successfully demonstrating the skills they developed in the workshop. - 90% of makerspace badge earners who used their badges in a job search believe that the informal credentials helped them secure a job. - 75% percent of all makerspace badge earners planned on using their badges in future job searches. T- he UVic Libraries DSC badging program could be improved by including more detailed instructions on how to use badges in job searches.
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    Graphic Novels in Learning, Teaching, and Library Collection: A Study at the University of Victoria
    (2022-06-28) Harrison, Justin
    The twin purposes of this research project include examining how graphic novels are being used for teaching and learning at the University of Victoria and how the Libraries currently provide support to students and instructors regarding graphic novels and related materials (journals, books, reference material). The results of the study include data from surveys of the enrolled students of three courses, as well as from interviews with the course instructors. It is intended that the research data will provide direction to the Libraries on how to optimize appropriate resources and collections for the University of Victoria’s teaching, learning and research of graphic novels.
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    Study leave report
    (2022-06-28) Mussell, Jessica K
    A report which provides an account of the scholarly activity undertaken during study leave.
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    Using Critically Appraised Topics to Teach Evidence-based Management to Graduate Business Students
    (Association of College & Research Libraries, 2022-04) Premji, Zahra; Jones, Rhiannon
    Business is currently one of the most popular degree programs among both graduate and undergraduate students, and non-business programs including engineering, design, and pure sciences—all interested in innovation, commercialization, and marketing—are increasingly integrating business training into their curriculum in the name of interdisciplinarity and improved job placement. There is a sustained and growing need for libraries to effectively support business information literacy.