Pannexin 1 Differentially Affects Neural Precursor Cell Maintenance in the Ventricular Zone and Peri-Infarct Cortex

Date

2016-01

Authors

Wicki-Stordeur, Leigh E.
Sanchez-Arias, Juan C.
Dhaliwal, Jagroop
Carmona-Wagner, Esther O.
Shestopalov, Valery I.
Lagace, Diane C.
Swayne, Leigh Anne

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

The Journal of Neuroscience

Abstract

We demonstrated previously that Pannexin 1 (Panx1), an ion and metabolite channel, promotes the growth and proliferation of ventricular zone (VZ) neural precursor cells (NPCs) in vitro.To investigate its role in vivo,we used floxed Panx1 mice in combination with viruses to delete Panx1 in VZ NPCs and to track numbers of Panx1-null and Panx1-expressing VZ NPCs over time. Two days after virus injection, Panx1-null cells were less abundant than Panx1-expressing cells, suggesting that Panx1 is required for the maintenance of VZ NPCs. We also investigated the effect of Panx1 deletion in VZ NPCs after focal cortical stroke via photothrombosis. Panx1 is essential for maintaining elevated VZ NPC numbers after stroke. In contrast, Panx1-null NPCs were more abundant than Panx1-expressing NPCs in the peri-infarct cortex. Together, these findings suggest that Panx1 plays an important role in NPC maintenance in the VZ niche in the naive and stroke brain and could be a key target for improving NPC survival in the peri-infarct cortex.

Description

Significance Statement Here, we demonstrate that Pannexin 1 (Panx1) maintains a consistent population size of neural precursor cells in the ventricular zone, both in the healthy brain and in the context of stroke. In contrast, Panx1 appears to be detrimental to the survival of neural precursor cells that surround damaged cortical tissue in the stroke brain. This suggests that targeting Panx1 in the peri-infarct cortex, in combination with other therapies, could improve cell survival around the injury site.

Keywords

neural precursor, pannexin, stroke

Citation

Wicki-Stordeur, L.E., Sanchez-Arias, J.C., Dhaliwal, J., Carmona-Wagner, E.O., Shestopalov, V.I., Lagace, D.C. & Swayne, L.A. (2016). Pannexin 1 differentially affects neural precursor cell maintenance in the ventricular zone and peri-infarct cortex. The Journal of Neuroscience, 36(4), 1203-1210.