Failure Process Analysis of Landslide Triggered by Rainfall at Volcanic Area: Fangshan Landslide Case Study




Gu, Weiwei
Li, Zinan
Lin, Cheng
Zhang, Faming
Dong, Menglong
Li, Yukun
Liu, Chang

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The Fangshan landslide was a rainfall-induced landslide that occurred in a volcanic area in the Fangshan scenic spot, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China. On 25 October 2016, after approximately 10 days of continuous rainfall, a shallow landslide rapidly developed, which triggered slow movement of deep mudstone rock. According to the characteristics of the landslide body, measures such as anti-slide piles, anchor cables and drainage were used to reinforce the landslide. Active drainage measures included arranging plant growth zones at the trailing edge of the landslide, and passive drainage measures included arranging pumping wells at the trailing edge of the landslide. It is worth emphasizing that the Fangshan landslide was the first example of a landslide in Jiangsu Province, China that was treated by actively lowering the water pressure. After landslide treatment from 16 May 2017 to 21 January 2018, the Fangshan landslide tended to be stable. However, the stable landslide was reactivated by the rise in groundwater level caused by rainfall and pumping well damage and underwent accelerated downward sliding in July 2020. The Fangshan landslide has caused great damage to the roads and buildings of Fangshan scenic spot, with a direct loss of RMB 6 million and an indirect loss of RMB 95 million. This article discusses the development process of the shallow soil landslide and the underlying deep mudstone rock landslide. The influence of groundwater level variation on the deformation of the shallow soil landslide and deep mudstone rock landslide of the Fangshan landslide are also discussed.



sequential sliding landslide, volcanic area, permeability, ground water level variation, long-term deep and surface displacement monitoring


Gu, W., Li, Z., Lin, C., Zhang, F., Dong, M., Li, Y., & Liu, C. (2022). Failure process analysis of landslide triggered by rainfall at volcanic area: Fangshan Landslide case study. Water, 14(24), 4059.