Testing the Efficacy of the Theory of Planned Behavior to Explain Strength Training in Older Adults

Date

2007

Authors

Dean, Rachel
Farrell, Jocelyn
Kelley, Mary Lou
Taylor, M. Jane
Rhodes, Ryan E.

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Journal of Aging and Physical Activity

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to use the constructs of the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to gain a better understanding of the factors influencing older adults' participation in strength training. Two hundred men and women age 55 years and older were purposely sampled from seniors' centers in Ontario Canada. Participants completed a TPB questionnaire and reported their current physical activity participation. It was hypothesized that perceived behavioral control followed by attitude would be the strongest determinants of strength-training intentions and that intention would be the strongest determinant of strength-training behavior. Regression analyses revealed that subjective norm and perceived behavioral control explained 42% of the variance in intention and intention explained 40% of the variance in behavior. Gender and current strength-training participation did not significantly moderate the relationship between the TPB variables. The results suggest that interventions targeting subjective norm and perceived control might be helpful in promoting strength-training behavior among older adults.

Description

Keywords

exercise, physical activity, social cognitive

Citation

Dean, R. N., Farrell, J. M., Kelley, M. L., Taylor, M. J., & Rhodes, R. E. (2007). Testing the efficacy of the theory of planned behavior to explain strength training in older adults. Journal of aging and physical activity, 15(1), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1123/japa.15.1.1.