Symbol spotting for architectural drawings: state-of-the-art and new industry-driven developments




Rezvanifar, Alireza
Cote, Melissa
Albu, Alexandra Branzan

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IPSJ Transactions on Computer Vision and Applications


This review paper offers a contemporary literature survey on symbol spotting in architectural drawing images. Research on isolated symbol recognition is quite mature; the same cannot be said for recognizing a symbol in context. One important challenge is the segmentation/recognition paradox: a system should segment symbols before recognizing them, but some kind of recognition may be necessary to obtain a correct segmentation. Research has thus been recently directed toward symbol spotting, a way of locating possible symbol instances without using full recognition methods. In this paper, we thoroughly review symbol spotting methods with a focus on architectural drawings, an application domain providing the document image analysis and graphic recognition communities with an interesting set of challenges linked to the sheer complexity and density of embedded information, that have yet to be resolved. While most existing methods perform well in terms of recall, their performance is rather poor in terms of precision and false positives. In light of the review, we also propose a simple yet effective symbol spotting method based on template matching and a novel clutter-tolerant cross-correlation function that achieves state-of-the-art results with high precision, high recall, and few false positives, able to cope with “real-life clutter” found in industry-standard architectural drawings.




Rezvanifar, A., Cote, M., & Albu, A. B. (2019). Symbol spotting for architectural drawings: state-of-the-art and new industry-driven developments. IPSJ Transactions on Computer Vision and Applications, 11(1).